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Gingivitis affects more than 80% of people worldwide at some point in their lives and is considered the most frequently occurring periodontal disease. Benign in its simple form, this pathology requires regular monitoring and the implementation of strict oral hygiene rules to reduce the risks of complications. An Austin Dentist should be able to determine each case of gingivitis during a patient’s initial visit.
Gingivitis is another term for gum inflammation, usually related to the accumulation of dental plaque (bacteria) around the gingival area. In
pediatric dentist austin tx , gingivitis is painless but also progressive. It is the most frequently seen periodontal disease. Other types of gingivitis can occur in specific contexts.
Hypertrophic and ulcerative-necrotic gingivitis
Hypertrophic gingivitis is caused by the intake of certain drugs (for example, certain antiepileptic families), and is manifested by a large increase in the volume of the gum. Localized hypertrophic gingivitis, or pregnancy gingivitis, is linked to hormonal variations in pregnant women. This type of gingivitis is manifested by a pseudotumor that is benign, inflammatory, red at the base of one or more teeth, and bleeds very easily.
Ulcerative-necrotic gingivitis is caused by a serious illness or by stress, it is marked by a bleeding gingiva and acute pains. An Austin Dentist will explain treatment options.
Besides the scale located on teeth and gums, the factors favoring the onset of gingivitis are misaligned teeth or mismatched crowns, poor oral hygiene, a deficiency in vitamin C, stress, and tobacco use. During pregnancy, hormonal changes can also cause gingivitis. Some medications, such as antidepressants and anti-epileptics, can cause gingivitis.
Simple gingivitis, also known as chronic gingivitis, is associated with tartar build-up and is characterized by the following symptoms: bright red and swollen gums, bleeding gums (especially when brushing or eating certain foods), and bad breath.
austin children’s dentistry should be consulted if you experience any of these problems.
Treatment is based on regular scaling (every four to six months for patients who are recurrent) and the application of adapted oral hygiene rules.
Regular brushing and flossing twice a day
Use of a soft brush
The use of certain gum dental pastes with analgesic properties may be prescribed to reduce inflammation of the gums
Antiseptic toothpaste to remove dental plaque-mouthwashes
Evolution and complications
Untreated, simple gingivitis can develop into periodontitis, a chronic condition that can lead to tooth loss. In the periodontal stage or in the event of aggravation, several specific treatments may be offered, including subgingival irrigations, radicular surfacing, and antibiotic therapy. Contact Dr. David Frank for more details.